Chlamydia Symptoms and Long Term Effects

Chlamydia has become the most wide-spread STD in the US and can cause serious complications that cause irreversible damage, including infertility.  Many people who have Chlamydia do not even know they are infected.  It is estimated that the number of new Chlamydia cases occurring each year is around 2.8 million, of which most cases go undiagnosed.

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How Do I Get Chlamydia?

Chlamydia can be transmitted during sexual contact. It can also be transmitted from an infected mother to a newborn infant during childbirth.  Any sexually active person can be infected with Chlamydia and, of course, the greater the number of partners, the greater the possibility of infection. Because the cervix of teenage girls and young women is not fully matured and is likely to be more susceptible to infection, they are at particularly high risk for infection.

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What Are The Symptoms Of Chlamydia

Chlamydia is considered a "silent" disease because most infected people have no symptoms. If symptoms do occur, they typically appear within a few weeks after contact with an infected sexual partner.

Symptoms of Chlamydia in women might be an abnormal vaginal discharge or a burning sensation when urinating. If the infection spreads from the cervix to the fallopian tubes, some women might have lower abdominal pain, low back pain, nausea, fever, pain during intercourse, or bleeding between menstrual periods. Chlamydial infection of the cervix can spread to the rectum.  In men, symptoms might include a discharge from their penis or a burning sensation when urinating. Men might also have burning and itching around the opening of the penis.

Men or women may also get the infection in the rectum, which can cause rectal pain, discharge, or bleeding. Chlamydia can also be found in the throats of women and men having oral exposure with an infected partner.  Chlamydia may also increase the chances of becoming infected with HIV, if exposed.

To help protect yourself against the serious damage of Chlamydia, having a simple urine test done at least once a year is recommended - especially for all sexually active women age 25 years and younger who are especially more susceptible to chlamydia transmission. All pregnant women should also be tested for Chlamydia. 

Long Term Effects of Chlamydia

Untreated chlamydia infections in men can lead to a condition called epididymitis which effects the testicles and cause the testicles to shrink. It can also cause lessions on the scrotom area that are filled with puss. Untreated chlamydia can often lead to sterilty in men.

An untreated chlamydia for a women can lead to Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. It is a serious disease associated with untreated chlamydia and other STDs such as gonorrhea in women that can cause permanenet damage leading to infertility, chronic pain and may even require surgery.